讲述翻 译大师学习翻译的心路历程

« 问之如大夫  譬如分类精简 »

  Without anyone to turn to for help

  1). 你应该 适当花一点时间休息和锻炼。(reasonable)

  You should spend a reasonable amount of time relaxing and exercising.

  2) 总的来说,孩子们 比过去任何时候都更健康,受到了更好的教育。(in general)

  In general, children are healthier and better educated than ever before.

  3) 待适当的机会来临,他就能抓住。(come along)

  When the right opportunity comes along, he’ll take it.

  4) 每天他 都留出点时间跟家人在一起,享受生活。(set aside)

  Every day he sets aside some time to be with his family and enjoy life.

  5) 我记得 那些黑暗的街道以及同父亲手拉手走路的情景。 (hand in hand)

  I remember those dark streets and walking hand in hand with my father.

  6) 他最终 辜负了父母的期望。(live up to)

  He finally failed to live up to his parents’ expectations

  7) 相比之下,我们的 用油量大幅度上升了。(in contrast)

  In contrast, our use of oil has increased enormously.

  8) 经过努力,他成功 地克服了自己的致命弱点。(overcome)

  He succeeded in his efforts to overcome his fatal weakness.


  It is believed that pessimism often leads to hopelessness, sickness and failure.

  10) 与此相反,乐观主义能使你幸福、健康和成功。

  Optimism, by contrast, can make you happy, healthy and successful.

  11) 当你做某件事失败时,把失败 当作一种学习的经历从中汲取益处。

  When you fail in something, profit from the failure as a learning experience.

  12) 在问题或困难面前,要想想 自己的长处并树立起自信心。

  Think about your strengths and build up self-confidence in front of problems or difficulties.

  13) 不要让 消极的想法阻碍你。

  Don’t let negative thoughts hold you back.

  14) 每个人 都经历过失败和失望,因此不 要过多地责怪自己

  Everyone has experienced failures and disappointments, so don’t blame yourself too


  15) She wore a dress ______with a pattern of rose (有玫瑰图案) on it.

  16) Helen had ________prepared a wonderful/good meal for us

  (为我们 准备了一顿丰盛的饭菜).

  17) Ann ______promised faithfully (信誓旦旦地保证) that she would never tell.

  18) Could you ___deliver this letter (把这封信送到) to the accounts department?

  19) We were offered ______a selection of milk and plain chocolate

  (精选的 牛奶巧克力和纯巧克力).

  20) Tell the children to _______keep out of mischief / behave themselves (别胡闹).

  21) We could hear __the sound of distant thunder (远处打雷的声音).

  22) The project has now _______received approval from the government (得到 *** 的批准).

  23) Kelly loved her husband ________in spite of the fact that he drank too much


  24) Experts seem unable to _________agree whether the drug is safe or not

  (就这个 药是否安全取得一致意见).

  25) 由于紧急情况,这位医 生几小时内都没有空。(because of)

  Because of an emergency, the doctor will not be available for several hours.

  26) 税收将 会如何影响低收入的人群? (affect)

  How will taxes affect people with low incomes?

  27) 我母亲总是告诉我,从长远 来看我会很高兴我没有放弃练钢琴,杭州翻译公司。(in the long run)

  My mother always told me that in the long run I would be glad I didn’t give up practicing the piano.

  28) 这些书的价格从10美元到20美元不等。(rang… from… to)

  These books range in price from $10 to $20.

  29) 在我看 来你没有什么选择。(It seems to me that…)

  It seems to me that you don’t have much choice.

  30) 考虑到他们缺乏经验,这工作 他们已经做得相当不错。(given)

  Given their inexperience, they have done quite a good job.

  31) 对这么 一幢大房子来说这价格相当便宜,但你得 考虑维修所需要的钱。(take into consideration)

  For such a big house the price is fairly cheap/ low, but you’ve got to take into consideration the money you will spend on repairs.

  32) 我们能 否从讨论上次会议产生的问题开始?(arise from)

  Can we begin with discussing questions/ problems arising from the last meeting?

  33) 几年前 他心脏动了一次大手术。(undergo)

  He underwent a major heart surgery several years ago.

  34) 我们估 计完成这项工作要花一个星期。(estimate)

  We estimated that it would take a week to finish the work.

  35) 我过去喜爱摄影,但我现 在没有时间从事任何业余爱好了。 (pursue)

  I used to enjoy photography, but I now have no time to pursue any hobbies.

  36) 你可以 爱一个人而不一定要跟他结婚。(not necessarily)

  You may love someone but not necessarily have to marry him.

  37) 恐怖分子(terrorist)采用暴 力手段以达到他们的政治目的。(resort to)

  Terrorists resort to violence to achieve their political aims.

  38) 他说他 下午会呆在办公室里,以便万一你要见他。(in case)

  He says he’ll stay in the office this afternoon in case you want to see him.

  39) 科学家 已确定了造成畸形发育的基因。(identify, abnormal)

  Scientists have identified the gene that causes abnormal growth.

  40) 这些例 子显示了有些学生的简历写得多么差。(demonstrate, resume)

  These examples demonstrate how badly some students write their resumes.

  41) 看到所 有的人在办公室外走来走去,我变得更焦虑了。(to and fro)

  Seeing all the people walking to and fro outside the office, I became more worried.

  42) 最终他 会明白谁是他真正的朋友。(in time)

  In time he will see who is his true friend.

  43)那位科 学家的实验产生了一种新药。(give birth to)

  That scientist’s experiment gave birth to a new drug.

  44)大半个 冬天他都因病被困在屋里。(shut… in)

  He had been shut in by illness during much of the winter.

  45) 他们一 有机会就会练习英语口语。(at the first opportunity)

  They would practice spoken English at the first opportunity.

  46) 她所珍 爱的一切或许会在一夜之间化为乌有。(sweep away)

  Everything she valued might be swept away overnight.

  47) 临近学期结束时,同学们 都忙着准备考试。(the close of)

  Towards the close of the term, all the students are busy preparing for the finals.

  48)这么冷的冬天,我们渴望它快点过去。(long for)

  It is a very cold winder and we long for it to be over.

  49) 每当她 姨妈来访的时候,她总是表现不好。(behave)

  She always behaves badly when her aunt comes to visit.

  50) 要不是你们的帮助,我们不 会准时完成任务。(if)

  If it hadn’t been for your help, we wouldn’t have been able to finish the task in time.

  51) 我劝他别去东海岸,因为那 里到处都是游客。(warn… off)

  I warned him off going to the east coast because it was full of tourists.

  52) 东西便 宜并不见得质量就低劣。(not necessarily)

  The fact that something is cheap doesn’t necessarily mean it is of low quality.

  52) 如果没有人可以求教,就难以 做出恰当的选择。(turn to)

  Without anyone to turn to for help, making an appropriate choice can be difficult.

  53) 他用音 乐表现了他失去妻子的悲痛。(find expression in)

  His sadness at the death of his wife found expression in his music.

  54) 只有彼 得去参加晚会她才会去。(only if)

  Only if Peter goes to the evening party will she go.

  55) 我只能 把这次经历比作一场噩梦。(compare… to…, nightmare)

  I can only compare the experience to a nightmare.

  56) 我没料 想到上演一个剧本需要这么多的工作。(involve)

  I didn’t realize putting on/staging a play involved so much work.

  57) 最重要的不是你说的,而是你做的。( … not that… but that…

  The most important thing is not what you say but what you do.

  58) 在这样的情况下,这个结 果是所能期待的最好的。(in such circumstances)

  This is the best result that can be expected in such circumstances.

  59) 你不是 第一次处于这种情形。(find oneself…)

  It isn’t the first time that you’ve found yourself in such a situation.

  60) 这个困 难促使我动脑筋找出答案。(challenge)

  This difficulty challenges my mind to find an answer.

  61) 将要出 现的新的威胁是失业。(on the horizon, unemployment)

  The new threat on the horizon is unemployment.

  62) 我们有 不同的方法表达同样的想法。(alternative)

  We have alternative ways of expressing the same idea.

  63) 他喝酒的老毛病又犯了。(slip into)

  He slipped into the old habit of drinking

  64) 问题不 是要不要去旅行,而是去哪儿旅行。

  The question to ask is not whether we should travel but where we should travel.

  65) 小岛的 独特之处在于它是由粉红色的珊瑚组成的。

  The distinctive feature of the island is that it is made of pink coral.

  66) 必胜的 信念使他走出了荒漠。

  The belief that he would win helped him go out of the desert.

  67) 小镇风景优美,消费低廉,这让我们喜出望外。

  The fact that the town had beautiful scenery and low expenses made us overjoyed.

  68) 他想找 到这家饭店多收费的证据。

  He wanted to find some evidence that the restaurant overcharged him.

  69) The more they worked, the more energetic they became(他们就越精力充沛)

  70). In contrast to her elder brother(与她哥哥相比), she was always considerate in her treatment of others

  71). My father asked me to st aside a certain time for study (留出一定的学习时间)

  72). Did the film live up to your expectations (符合你的预期希望么)

  73)Worrywarts need reassurance and encouragement to help to overcome their fears (帮助克服恐惧)

  74)没人可 以饿着肚子工作(on a.an…stomach) Nobody can work on an empty stomach.

  75)他因意外而深感内疚(be consumed with) He was consumed with guilt after the accident.

  76)一想到 草莓冰淇淋我就流口水((at) the very thought)

  The very thought of strawberries ice-cream makes my mouth water.

  77)他紧缩双目陷入沉思(in deep thought) he knitted his brows in deep thought.

  78)只有政 治手段才能终止暴力(put an end to…) Only a political solution could put an end to the violence.

  79 I don’t think it adcisable that parents (should) deprive children of their freedom (剥夺孩子们的自由) to spend their spare time as they wish.

  80. Mary couldn’t have received my letter, otherwise, she could have replied to me last week(否则她 上周就该回信了)

  81. Not until he had finished the mission (直到他完成使命) did he realize that he was seriously ill.

  82. The finding of this study failed to take people’s sleep quality/quality of sleep into account/consideration (将人们 的睡眠质量考虑在内)

  83. Given (that) she is interested in children (鉴于孩子有兴趣),I am sure teaching is the right career for her.

  84. There was no alternative (没有别 的可选择的余地) but to report you to the police.

  85. I got more insights about him(我更加理解他) from reading his books than from talking to him.

  86. After taking inventory of his skills in mathematics (仔细评 估在数学方面的技能之后) he recognized that he was still sufficient in calculus.

  87.She was caught without a ticket and fined thirty pounds on the spot(当场被罚30美元)

  88. Thousands of lives will be at stake if emergency aid does not arrive in the city soon (如果紧 急援助不能很快到达城市)

  89 他致力于学习法语(apply oneself to) He applied himself to learning French.

  90 他对父 亲的挂虑使他内心惴惴不安(prey on) His anxiety about his father preyed on his mind

  91 我们设 法想要弄清楚发生了什么事,但缺徒劳(vainly)

  We tried vainly to discover what had happened.

  92 那个小 渔村已发展成为一个重要港口(bloosm out/into)

  That small fishing village has now blossomed into an important port.

  93 我度假回来,体力得到恢复(renew)

  I came back from my holiday with renewed strength.

  94 If you had followed my advice/suggestion, you would not have been/put yourself in trouble.(听从我的忠告,你就不回陷入麻烦)

  95 Compared with the place where I grew up (与我成长的地方相比),this town is more prosperous and exciting.

  96 only in the small town does he feel secure and relaxed (他才感到安全和放松)

  97 The witness was told that under no circumstances should he lie to the court/is he allowed to lie to the court(他都不 应该对法庭说谎)

  98 Never once have the old couple quarred with each other (老两口互相争吵) since they were married 40 years ago.

  99 No sooner had he got off the train (他刚下火车) than his girlfriend ran to him

  100 Having spent some time in the city, he had no trouble (in) finding the way to the history museum.(找到区 历史博物馆的路)

  101 The nation’s population continues to rise at a rate/speed of 12 million per year (以每年1200万人的速度)

  102 The victim would have had a chance to survive/of survival (本来会有机会活下来)if he had been taken to hospital in time

  103 Because of the leg injury, the athlete decided to withdraw from/quit the competition/match(决定推出比赛)

  104 These days, many products are nearly identical to each other in quality and price (在质量 和价格方面彼此一样)

  105 Tired as I was (尽管我已经很累),I tried to help them.

  106 There was nothing we could do other than wait(除了等之外)

  107 Usually every effort would be mad to put eah child in a home with a background similar to that of his own family(和他自 己原来的家庭背景相似的)

  108 There are more people present at the exhibition than expected (比预想的人还多)

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