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讲述翻 译大师学习翻译的心路历程

« he apologized ______  today’s newspaper »

动词原 形变成动词不定式

  Unit 2 English around the world


  Words

  gas 汽油;气体;煤气

  petrol汽油

  elevator电梯 ( lift )


  recognize 辨认出;承认 (~sb.认出某人, ~ sb. to be 公认某人为 )

  gradual 逐渐的;逐步的 (gradually)

  vocabulary 词汇;词汇量;词表 ( make use of a wider ~ )


  latter 较后的;后者的 the ~ (former 前者的)


  identity本身;本体;身份 ~ card


  fluent 流利的;流畅的 (speak ~ English 讲流利的英语)


  fluently 流利地;流畅地 ( speak English ~ 英语讲得很流利 )


  frequent频繁的;常见的 (frequently)


  usage使用;用法;词语惯用法 (the ~ of the word 这个词的用法)

  expression 词组,表达,表情

  spelling 拼写;拼法 (the ~ of the word 这个词的拼写)


  eastern 东部的

  (southern, western, northern, southeastern, southwestern, northeastern, northwestern)

  lightning闪电

  block街区;块;石块

  straight直接;直的;笔直的;正直的

  go ~ home直接回家, go ~ along the street一直沿着这条路走

  native本国的;本地的;本地人;本国人


  native English speakers 以英语为母语的人


  command命令;指令


  ~ sb. to do sth.

  ~ that sb. (should) do sth.

  at one's ~ 按照某人的命令 ,听从某人的指令

  request请求,杭州翻译公司;要求 (ask, demand)


  ~ sb. to do sth.


  ~ that sb. (should) do sth.

  at one's ~ 按照某人的要求


  voyage航行;航海 make ~s to

  accent口音;腔调;重音

  actually实际上;事实上 (in fact, as a matter of fact)


  Expressions

  because of因为;由于 (后跟名词、代词宾格、动词ing、what he said等)


  because 后跟从句

  be based on 以……为根据

  make use of利用;使用

  make good / full use of = make the best / most of , fully make use of 好好/充分利用

  come up 走近;上来;提出

  come up to us 向我们走过来, come up to his flat 到他的公寓

  some questions came up问题被提出来


  at the end of the road / the party / the meeting 在路的尽头, 在晚会/会议结束时


  at present 现在;目前 (now, at the moment, right now)

  such as 例如……;像这种的(for example)


  He knows five languages such as English and Chinese


  Chinese, for example, is more and more popular


  a (large / great / good ) number of +n. (pl.) 许多的,杭州翻译,大量的 (作主语 时谓语动词用复数)


  the number of + n.(pl.) ……的数量 (作主语 时谓语动词用单数)


  play a part (in) 扮演一个角色;参与 play an important part/role in


  the same ...as... 和......一样的......(事物)

  be the same age as my friend, have the same name as the boy, read the same book as she does


  Patterns


  1. 比较级......than ever before 比以往任何时候都/更......

  [原句展示]

  Today more people speak English as their first, second or a foreign language than ever before.


  So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vacabulary than ever before


  如:


  He is no happier than before. 他不比以前幸福。


  2. even if / though引导让步状语从句


  Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don't speak the same kind of English.


  3. It is / was based more on ... than ...

  It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.


  4. It becomes / became less like ... and more like ...


  …the English became less like German because those who ruled Britain first spoke Spanish and later French.

  5. The number of people speaking English in China is increasing rapidly.


  6. Believe it or not, ... 信不信由你


  [原句展示]

  Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English.


  7. There is no such thing as ... 没有......这样的事物


  There is no such thing as standard English.


  He is such a fool as he looks.


  Grammar 祈使句 的直接引语变为间接引语


  主句中 的谓语动词由原来的say to, ask等改为ask/tell/order/wish/warn等


  (提建议时还可改为suggest that sb(should) do, suggest one’s doing)


  ① 肯定祈使句:动词原 形变成动词不定式;

  (客气要求,请求)ask sb to do (命令语气,叮嘱)tell / order sb to do


  “Would you please help me with my English?” said Tom


  èTom asked me to help him with his English.


  He said to his son,“Go to bed at once.”


  èHe told his son to go to bed at once.


  ② 否定祈使句:在动词不定式前加not/never。 ask sb not to do tell sb not to do

  “Could you please not sing any more?” my brother said to me.


  èMy brother asked me not to sing any more.


  The mother said to her son,“Don’t turn off the radio.”


  èThe mother told her son not to turn off the radio.

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