翻译大师的博客

讲述翻 译大师学习翻译的心路历程

« 不至于 让学生无从着手为了避 免这些不良情绪 »

[BI plAn tJ `fBlo Wru wIT It]

  第一章 字母发音突破


  秘诀1

  最坚实 的基础疯狂突破字母关


  这是一首优美、现代的字母歌,绝对不 是我们从小就熟悉的那首“比较弱智”的字母歌!请一定要反复听、反复模仿。


  26个字母、26个单词、26个句子,疯狂模仿,发音必会产生飞跃!


  A的读音为IPA: [ei] I’m you’ve made a mistake.


  K.K: [e] 恐怕您搞错了。


  B的读音为IPA: [bi:] I won’t be able to finish my work.


  K.K:[bi] 我不能完成工作了。


  C的读音为 IPA:[si:] I don’t see what you mean.


  K.K[si] 我不懂你的意思。


  D的读音为IPA[di:] I’ve heard a great deal about you.


  K.K[di] 久仰大名。


  E 的读音为IPA[i:] He is easy to deal with.


  K.K 他很容易打交道。


  F的读音为 IPA[ef] Will you sit on my left?


  K.K[Zf] 你坐在我左边好么?


  G的读音为 IPA[dVi:] Lots of students wear jeans nowadays.


  K.K[dVi] 现在很 多学生穿牛仔裤。


  H的读音为 IPA[eItF] Let me have a look at the book.


  K.K[etF] 让我看看这本书。


  I的读音为 IPA[BI] I could,and I should, but I won’t do it.


  K.K[BI] 这个我能做,我也应该做,但我不愿意做。


  J的读音为 IPA[dVeI] He was jailed for tow years.


  K.K[dVe] 他被囚禁了两年。


  K的读音为 IPA[keI] In any case, it’s none of your business.


  K.K[ke] 无论如何,那事于你无关。


  L的读音为 IPA[el] I have something else to tell you.


  K.K[Zl] 我还有些话要告诉你。


  M的读音为 IPA[em] The baby is real gem; he never cries.


  K.K[Zm] 这个婴儿真讨人喜欢,他从来不哭。


  N的读音为 IPA[en] Ten to one he has forgotten it.


  K.K[Zn] 他很可能已经忘记了。


  O的读音为 IPA[ou] I hope I can see you again.


  K.K[o] 我希望我能再见到你。


  P的读音为 IPA[pi:] He recovered his peace of mind.


  K.K[pi] 他恢复了平静的心情。


  Q的读音为 IPA[kju:] We had to queue for hours to get in.


  K.K[kju] 我们必 须排几个小时的长队才能进去。


  R的读音为 IPA[B:] Are you ready for the start?


  K.K


  你准备好出发了吗?


  S的读音为 IPA[es] Many people wish for success in life.


  K.K[Zs] 许多人 都希望一生有所成就。


  T的读音为 IPA[ti:] Would you like tea or coffee?


  K.K[ti] 你要喝茶还是咖啡。


  U的读音为 IPA[ju:] What do you plan to do this weekend?


  K.K[ju] 这个周 末你计划做什么?


  V的读音为 IPA[vi:] Language is the vehicle of human thought.


  K.K[vi] 语言是 人类表达思想的工具。


  W的读音为IPA[ `dQblju:]You are always welcome at my house.


  K.K[ `dQblju] 随时欢迎你到我家来。


  X的读音为 IPA[eks] His English is excellent.


  K.K[Zks] 他的英文是优秀的。


  Y的读音为 IPA[wBI] Why are you in such a good mood?


  K.K[wBI] 你为什么心情这么好?


  Z的读音为 IPA[zed] Zip up your fly.


  K.K[zi] 拉上你的拉链。


  第二章 三最法突破发音


  秘诀2


  经典“三最口腔肌肉训练法”


  最大声;最清晰;最快速


  “三最”法就是最大声;最清晰;最快速 地反复操练句子或短文以达成地道美语“脱口而出”。这是李 阳疯狂英语最神奇(magical)的方法,效果卓著。


  这种练 习只要稍微坚持,便可出现明显效果。经过这 种培训的学生根本不知道害怕讲英语,就算是 在初次和外国人交流是比较紧张,但由于平常接受的是“超级激烈的”极端训练,一紧张,害怕便 产生了神奇的效果:


  “最大声”变成了正常的音量(normal volume);


  “最快速”变成了优雅的语速(elegant speed);


  “最清晰”变成了“模模糊糊”(ambiguous;vague)的地道英语(genuine English)最高境界


  三最短文精彩操练:


  Everybody’s business is nobody’s business


  There are four people named everybody, somebody, anybody and nobody. There was an important job to be done and everybody was asked to do it. Everybody was sure that somebody would do it. Anybody could have done it, but nobody did it. Some body got angry about that because it was everybody’s job. Everybody thought anybody could do it, but nobody realized that everybody wouldn’t do it. It ended up that everybody blamed somebody when nobody did what anybody could have done.


  有四个人分别叫做:“每个人”、“某个人”、“任何人”和“没有人”。有一次,他们每 个人都要被要求去完成一件重要的工作。大家都 相信某个人会去做这件事。其实,任何人 都可以完成这项工作的,但就是没有人去做。某个人 对此感到非常气愤,因为这是大家的任务。每个人 都认为任何人可以完成这件事,但没有 人认识到大家都不会去做这件事。结果呢,当没有 人去做其实任何人都可以做到的事情的时候,每个人 都在抱怨某个人。


  秘诀3


  新“三最口腔肌肉训练法”


  最夸张、最慢速、最频繁


  经典范例:


  Springtime


  Days get longer and warmer in the spring.


  There are new leaves on the trees.


  Flowers begin to grow.


  Rain makes the grass green and helps the plants grow.


  Spring is the time of new life. Nature puts on new clothes in many colors red, yellow, blue, white, and purple.


  Birds build nests in the spring.


  Many baby animals appear.


  People like to make gardens and farmers plant crops in the fields.


  Spring is the season for young love. “In the spring a young man’s thoughts turn to love.” according to an old saying.


  第三章 一口气突破发音


  秘诀4


  一口气训练法


  当美国 人讲话的时候底气很足,令人羡慕!为什么呢?因为他 们讲话时用的是腹腔、胸腔、喉腔、口腔、鼻腔“合五为一”所以底气十足。我们中 国人讲话使用的是嘴巴,没有底气,说话时发音不饱满,力量不足。所以我 们中国人要想说一口地到流利的英文,必须在“五大发音秘诀”和“三最口腔肌肉训练法”之后,再用“一口气训练法”疯狂操练。


  做法很简单:你只要深呼吸,然后再 一口气里尽量多读。经过一 段时间的训练以后,原来需 要换几次气才能读完的一句话或小短文,一口气 里就能轻松读完!


  经典范例:


  A: Hi Stone! How have you been?


  B: Great! What about you?

  A: Sorry, I’m so late getting back to the office. How’s everything.


  B: Oh, I’ve been super.


  A: Hey, could I borrow your car for the weekend?


  B: Go to hell! The last time you borrowed my car you wrecked it.

  秘诀5


  调动腹部的力量


  中国人 习惯用嘴巴说话,显得比较“单薄”,有气无力;美国人 习惯用腹部的力量说话,浑厚有力。这就是 中国人说英语和英美人说英语的最大区别。


  疯狂做法:平时练习英语时,尽量运动腹部的肌肉,刚开始有点别扭,坚持一下,便会产生效果。


  中国人 开口说英语就能听出是中国口音。请听下面的录音。


  How are you doing?


  A: How are you doing, Lee?


  B: I beg your pardon?


  A: How ‘s everything? How are you getting along?


  B: I’m getting along fine, thank you.


  A: Have you changed any of your ideas about this country? Do you still think English is the worst language in the world?


  B: I’m beginning to see that human nature is pretty much the same everywhere.


  A: And what about the language?


  B: That idea hasn’t changed.


  第四章 元、辅音发音操练


  秘诀6


  悦耳动听在元音


  英语是否好听,主要取 决于援引是否饱满、到位!请听下面的录音。


  I’m not myself today. 我今天没心情。


  I don’t care what you do. 你做什么,我都不管。


  We hope to see you again. 我希望再次见到你。


  The days are getting longer. 白天越来越长。


  I don’t know how to thank you enough. 我不知 道该如何感谢你。


  When are you going to quit smoking? 你打算 什么时候发誓戒烟?


  秘诀7


  口齿清晰在辅音


  如果辅音发不好,元音再 标准也是口齿不清!英语的 辅音和中文有很大的区别,而且复杂的多!是学习 发音的特大难点。


  辅音主要是舌、齿、唇的相互配合。请欣赏下面的辅音。


  I think you ought to do it by yourself. 我想你应该自己去做。


  I don’t know what you are talking about. 我听不懂你在说什么。


  I feel very tired today. 我今天觉得很累。


  I hope you will forgive me. 我希望你会原谅我。


  I love having you in my life. 我渴望 我的生命中有你。


  I’m very sorry to hear that. 听到这 个消息我很难过。


  秘诀8


  口腔发 音和喉咙发音的区别


  长元音一般是通过“口腔”发出的,发声处“*前”;而短元 音则是用喉咙发出的,发音处尽量*后。这可是 一个真正的秘密。


  A: What is she doing these days?


  B: She is learning business English now.


  A: I have a job interview tomorrow.


  B: Good luck.


  A: Do you speak any English.


  B: I speak a little English.


  A: I feel much better than I did last week.


  B: I’m really glad to hear that.


  A: would you like coffee or milk or tea?


  B: Tea, please.


  第五章 五大发音秘诀


  第一节 底气十足、元音饱满


  秘诀9


  长元音拉长


  鬼鬼祟 祟的英文就是由鬼鬼祟祟的元音造成的!你只要把元音发饱满、到位,你的应 为立刻就会说的“悦耳动听”、“底气十足”!那些英 美流行歌手就是底气十足、元音饱满的典范。


  长元音尽量拉长


  国际音标[i:] = 美国音标


  Nickname 外号: 穿针引线长“衣”音!


  Matching Sound 中文近似音: 衣服的“衣”。


  Gesture 动作: 在空中做一个“穿针引线”的动作。


  Special Trick 特别技巧: 做疯狂勉强微笑状。


  Extra Note 额外阐述: 一个最重要的长音。一定要足够长,足够到位。


  It’s my treat this time. 今天我请客。


  A: please have a seat. 请坐。


  B: Thank you. 谢谢。


  <疯狂评论> 中国人 学了这么多年英语,其实连“请坐”都不会说。在美国没有人会说“Sit down, please!”这句话 听起来命令口气太浓!


  This sentence sounds like a military order. It’s too bossy and commanding. It also sounds like you have no control over the crowd in a public speaking situation. The suggestion “please have a seat.” Sounds much better.


  A: We believe-in you.


  B: I appreciate your support.


  A: Sweet dreams.


  B: You too.


  <疯狂评论> 这是疯 狂英语学习者独特的再见方式。一般人只会说“Bye-bye”。


  A: Why is he so happy today?


  B: He dreamed a sweet dream last night.


  秘诀10


  国际音标[u:]=美语音标


  Nickname 外号:小圆唇长“乌”音。类似火车长鸣音“呜”。


  A: I want to improve my poor English.


  B: Then you should study Crazy English.


  I’d like to improve my English pronunciation.


  What a fool I was to do such a thing


  秘诀11


  双元音饱满到位


  双元音饱满、到位;尽量用 你的口形来夸张发音,尽量发泄,尽量慢;争取以 最慢的速度在一口气内用拉长、饱满、到位的 放纵口形把句子读完;一定要 把句子中的双元音读准。最后再用正常的语速,标准、地道的 一口气轻松读完。


  双元音发饱满到位 IPA:[B:] [e:] [EJ]


  K.K:[B:] [e] [o]


  A: Is he coming back soon?


  B: I have no idea.


  A: I don’t like working overtime.


  B: Neither do I.


  A: I hate being late for work!


  B: Me too.


  秘诀12


  短元音急促有力


  调动腹部的力量,一收小腹,立刻纯正


  Let’s get together again.


  英音: [lets ^e(t) tE`^eTE E`^en]略音[t]


  美音: [lZts ^Z(t) tE`^ZTL E`^Zn]略音[t]


  Don’t bother me. I’m busy.


  He is difficult to get along with.


  The food here really tastes delicious.


  第二节 连读技巧


  秘诀13


  (1)字尾辅音+字首元音 “异性相吸”


  这是地道、纯正美语的秘诀!要刻苦操练!


  在意思 密切相关的一组词中,如果前 一个词以辅音结尾,后一个词以元音开头,这两个 词有时可以连起来读,这种现象叫连读。用符号“?”表示。


  I’ll be back-in half-an-hour. 我半小时就回来。


  英音:[B:l bi: bAk?:n hB:f?En?BuE]口语中读音[B:l bi: `bAk:n `hB:fEnBuE]


  美音:[B:l bi: bAk?:n hAf?En?BCE]口语中读音[B:l bi `bAg:n `hAfEnBuE]


  Take-a look-at-it. 看一看吧。


  英音:[teIk?E luk?At?It]口语中发音[`teIkE `lukAtIt]


  美音:[tek?E luk?At?:t] 口语中发音[`tegE `lugAd:t]


  A: I have a cold.


  B: Take care of yourself.


  秘诀14


  (2)字尾元音+字首元音


  首先我要告诉大家,中国没 几个人懂这个发音秘诀!


  在两个元音之间按“字尾元音”的开口 读大小适当添加上微弱的半元音[w]或[j]。如果前 一个词结尾的音是:[i:][:][ei][B:][R:]在与后 面的元音连续读时可加[j]音;倘若前一个音是:[c][u:][Eu][BC]在与后 面的元音连读时可加[w]音。


  See off


  IPA: [si: ? C:f] 口语读音[`si:?j?C:f]


  K.K: [si ? Cf] 口语读音[`si?j?Cf]


  Thank you for coming to see me-off.


  I went to the station to see her-off.


  Go on


  IPA: [gEU?Bn] 口语读音[`gEU?w?Bn]


  K.K: [go?Bn] 口语读音[`go?w?Bn]


  Go-on with your work.


  What pleasant weather, why not go-out for a walk?


  秘诀15


  (3)字尾r音+字首元音


  单词末尾有字母“r”或“re”的词,在短语 或句子中和以字首元音开始的词相邻时,在英语中“r”也要读出音来,语美语 一样和后面的元音连读。


  Far away


  IPA: [fB:r?E`wei] 口语读音[fB:rE`wei]

  K.K: [fBr?E`we] 口语读音[`fBrE`we]


  My friend comes from a country far-away.


  For ever


  IPA: [fC:r?`evE] 口语读音[fC:r`evE]

  K.K: [fCr?`ZvL] 口语读音[fCr`ZvL]


  I will keep my promise for-ever.


  There are


  IPA: [TeEr?B:] 口语读音[ `TeErB:]

  K.K: [TZr?Br] 口语读音[ `TZrBr]


  There are a lot of problems in the world.


  There are over 600,000 kinds of insects in the world.


  There is no school today.


  第三节 省力技巧


  略音也称为省音,省音也就是省力(也叫不完全爆破);也是一 种常见的音变现象。在自然流利的谈话中,为了说话省力,经常把一些音省掉。省音既 可出现在单词内,也可出 现在词与词之间。


  某单词字尾是辅音,而相邻 的后面单词开头也是辅音,并且词 与头词尾的两个辅音相同时,在读的 时候两个相同的辅音只读一个即可;也就是说省前读后。


  秘诀16


  摆摆姿势和货真价实


  前虚后实


  I had a good-time last-night.

  Take-care.


  {每次告 别时都请喊这个句子,比“Bye-bye”要强很多倍!}


  <KIM疯狂联想> Instead of just murmuring the common “Bye-bye” that everyone knows, impress people with a loud “take-care” when you part company!


  Keep-quiet


  You have a good-memory.


  Ask-Bob-to sit-behind-me.(省略了4个音)


  I didn’t-do it. My friend-did-it.


  <KIM疯狂联想> This is a classic excuse for children of all age around the world!


  Keep-practicing.


  <特别说明>美国人 说英语另外的特点是:好听、偷懒、省力、经济原则。连音、略音就 是这些特点的体现。


  秘诀17


  略音(1)辅音+辅音


  同性相斥


  I don’t-know what-to do.


  IPA: [BI dEUnt nEu wBt tE dU:] 口语读音[Bi dEUn(t) nEu wB(t) tE dU:]


  K.K: [BI dont no hwBt tE dU] 口语读音[Bi don(t) no hwB(t) tE dU]


  I need-some-more money.


  IPA: [Bi ni:d sQm mC: `mQnI] 口语读音[Bi ni:(d) sQ(m) mC: ` mQnI]


  K.K: [Bi nid sQm mCr `mQnI] 口语读音[Bi ni (d) sQ(m) mCr `mQnI]


  I’d-like-to try on that-shirt.


  What-time is our flight-tomorrow.


  秘诀18


  略音(2)同类爆破+同类爆破


  相同的 两个爆破音相邻时,第一个爆破音省略,只读后 面的一个爆破音。


  Part time


  IPA: [pB:(t) tBim] 省前读后


  K.K: [pBr(t) tBim] (t)省略


  She’s looking for a part-time job.

  Take care


  IPA: [teI(k) keE] 省前读后


  K.K: [teI(k) kZr] (k)省略


  Please take care of yourself.


  Take care not to break any glasses.


  I’ll take-care-of the problem.


  <略音和连音同时出现>


  秘诀19


  略音(3)异类爆破+异类爆破


  类似的辅音如:[t] C[d];[d]--[t];[k]-- [g];[p]--出现时,同样省前读后。


  What do you think?


  Sorry, I wasn’t listening.


  The boss has always been very good to her.


  We had a good time together.


  You’d better get up a little earlier.


  秘诀20


  略音(4)


  在以[t][d][k][g][p]和+以辅音开始的单词时,前面的辅音发音顿息,舌头达到发音部位“点到为止”,但不送气,。


  疯狂简说:


  在李阳 疯狂英语中叫做“经典收小腹、减肥急促短衣”音。


  疯狂操练:


  &Oslash; The telephone line is busy. 电话占线。


  &Oslash; I’m a bit upset at his leaving early. 他早早就走了,我感到有点不高兴。


  &Oslash; Will you be so good as to give me a lift? 让我搭一下车好吗?


  秘诀83


  短元音[Z]的发音技巧


  口形解说:


  舌尖抵下齿,舌前部稍抬起;


  舌位比低,开口度比大;口形稍扁;发音时没有摩擦;


  上、下齿之 间的距离约能容纳一个食指。


  疯狂简说:


  在李阳 疯狂英语中叫做“收小腹、舌尖下齿、小开口45度”音。


  疯狂操练:


  &Oslash; Let’s keep in touch. 让我们保持联系。


  &Oslash; I left very early last night. 我昨天 晚上离开得很糟。


  &Oslash; I shall never forget the lesson. 我决不 会忘记这个教训。


  秘诀82


  长元音[A]的发音技巧


  口形解说:


  舌尖抵下齿,舌前部 向硬腭稍微抬起;


  舌位比[Z]低,是四个 前元音中舌位最低的,发音时没有摩擦;


  口形扁平,开口度 是四个前元音中最大的;


  上、下齿之 间的距离约能容纳食指和中指的宽度。


  疯狂简说:


  在李阳 疯狂英语中叫做“大嘴、拉长、90度”音。


  疯狂操练:


  &Oslash; Don’t stand in my way. 不要妨碍我。


  &Oslash; We have a lot of things to talk about. 我们有许多事情要谈。


  &Oslash; I have never had the opportunity to meet her.我一直 没有机会碰见她。


  第三节 后元音操练


  后元音: IPA: [B:] [a] [C:] [J] [u:]


  K.K:

   [Cr] [J]

  秘诀88


  后长元音[a]与[ar]的发音技巧


  口形解说:


  舌尖离下齿,舌身平放后缩,抬高;五个元音中舌位最低。


  口张大,不圆唇,拉长;五个元音中开口最大。


  疯狂简说:


  在李阳 疯狂英语中叫做“大嘴卷舌”音


  疯狂操练:


  &Oslash; I love you with all my heart. 我全心全意爱你。


  &Oslash; If you are ready, you may start your work. 如果你准备好了,你就可以开始工作了。


  &Oslash; It’s very hard to start the car. 这辆车很难发动起来。


  秘诀89


  后元音短的发音技巧


  口形解说:


  发美音时口张大,舌身尽量降低并后缩;


  发英音[a]时舌后太高;双唇稍稍收圆;


  先发[B:]音,然后将舌身稍稍后缩;


  双唇稍收圆(不要突出);既可发出英音[a]。


  疯狂简说:


  在李阳 疯狂英语中叫做“后缩舌、大嘴”音


  疯狂操练:


  &Oslash; We’ll not stop until we reach our goal. 不达目的,决不罢休。


  &Oslash; I wish for an opportunity to go abroad. 我希望有机会出国。


  &Oslash; The doctor’s daughter knocked at the locked door. 医生的 女儿敲了上了锁的门。


  秘诀90


  后元音[c]的发音技巧


  口形解说:


  舌身伸平后缩,舌后部抬得比略高;


  双唇收得比更圆更小;而且向外突出。


  疯狂简说:


  在李阳 疯狂英语中叫做“圆唇突出、后缩舌、中嘴长”音


  疯狂操练:


  &Oslash; It’s all your fault. 都是你的错。


  &Oslash; What are you talking about? 你在说些什么?


  &Oslash; Where do you think I ought to go? 你看我该到哪儿去?

  第十章 综合大操练(完)


  对 话


  Mike: How are you doing this morning, john?


  John: I’m doing great. It’s great to see you. How’s everything?


  Mike: Terrific. I feel pretty good this morning.


  John: Mike, I’d like you to meet my best friends Bill Jones. Bill, meet Mike.


  Bill: Hi! Nice to meet you.


  Mike: Nice to meet you, too. Mr. John.


  Bill: Please call me Bill.


  Mike: Okay, Bill. And please call me Mike.


  John: How come you look so tired, Mike?

  Mike: I stayed up till midnight last night.


  John: What’s going on?


  Mike: I’m working hard to improve my English now.


  John: Are you making any progress?


  Mike: I’m not making much progress with my English.


  短 文


  My best friend stone and I decided to learn English last year. We promised each other to work hard. We never failed to attend class. Stone always remembered to do his homework. I never forgot to do mine, either. Our English is pretty good now. it only proves that there’s without pain.

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